Thursday, December 15, 2016

IR Vocab Set 7

Book Title: Three Cups Of Tea
Arthurs: Greg Mortenson and David Oliver Relin
Word: Tutelage
Sentence: In a single caffeine fueled weekend session under Syed's tutelage, he cut and pasted his appeal for funds feverishly until he reached his goal of five hundred letters.
Definition: the act of guarding, protecting, or guiding; office or function of a guardian; guardianship
Part of Speech: Noun
Page Found: 50

Thursday, December 8, 2016

IR Vocab Set 6

Book: National Geographic
Sentence: In four severely polluted East Coast estuaries, these little striped fish have evolved with genetic mutations that leave them tolerant of normally lethal doses of industrial pollution, according to a study led by University of California, Davis researchers to be published Friday in the journal Science.
Word: Estuaries
Definition: that part of the mouth or lower course of a river in which the river's current meets the sea's tide
Part of Speech: Noun
Synonyms: Arm, Creek and Inlet

Book: National Geographic
Sentence: Killifish, sometimes called mud minnows or mummichog, are abundant in the brackish waterways and marshes along the Atlantic coast.
Word: Mummichog
Definition: a silver and black killifish, Fundulus heteroclitus, found in fresh, brackish, and salt water along the Atlantic coast of the U.S.
Part of Speech: Noun

Book: National Geographic
Sentence: They’re an indicator species—one that is used as a barometer to gauge the health of ecosystems—because they are typically really sensitive to pollution, says lead study author and environmental toxicologist Andrew Whitehead.
Word: Barometer
Definition: any instrument that measures atmospheric pressure
Part of Speech: Noun
Synonyms: Weatherglass

Book: National Geographic
Sentence: “While local adaptation serves an immediate purpose, it’s possible that a loss of genetic variability could make it harder for killifish to cope with future environmental stressors,” 
Word: Stressors
Definition: an activity, event, or other stimulus that causes stress
Part of Speech: Noun
Synonyms: Aggravation, Annoyance and Pain

Book: National Geographic
Sentence: These little sea slug cuties are one of 3000 known species of nudibranchs.
Word: Nudibranchs
Definition: a shell-less, marine snail of the suborder Nudibranchia, having external, often branched respiratory appendages on the back and sides
Part of Speech: Noun

Book: National Geographic
Sentence: A #CuteOff hashtag trending on twitter had scientists vying this week to post the cutest critter picture online. Researchers grouped themselves into taxonomical teams, nominating champions for #TeamMammal, #TeamHerpetology, and more. Even #TeamExtinct made a showing.
Word: Taxonomical
Definition: the science or technique of classification
Part of Speech: Noun

Book: National Geographic
Sentence: Now, new research shows that male and female orchid mantises don't just look different—they evolved in a way never before seen in arthropods, the group that includes spiders and insects. (See pictures of amazing insect camouflage.)
Word: Arthropods
Definition: any invertebrate of the phylum Arthropoda, having a segmented body, jointed limbs, and usually a chitinous shell that undergoes molting, including the insects, spiders and other arachnids,crustaceans, and myriapodsany invertebrate of the phylum Arthropoda, having a segmented body, jointed limbs, and usually a chitinous shell that undergoes molting, including the insects, spiders and other arachnids,crustaceans, and myriapods
Part of Speech: Noun
Synonyms: Ant, Bee and Beetle 

Book: National Geographic
Sentence: “Then, a small group within this lineage started evolving larger females to take advantage of all the pollinating insects that visit flowers,” 
Word: Lineage
Definition: lineal descent from an ancestor; ancestry or extraction
Part of Speech: Noun
Synonyms: Clan, Origin and Birth

Friday, November 11, 2016

IR Vocab Set 5

Book: National Geographic
Word: Concurrent
Sentence: However, concurrent laser scanning in May 2016 across a broad swath of Sabah’s forests conducted by Asner shows that one behemoth tree on a hillside in Danum Valley, another protected reserve, measures 94.1 meters (308.7 feet), surpassing the Maliau specimen for the honor of the world’s tallest tropical tree.
Definition: occurring or existing simultaneously or side by side
Part Of Speech: Adjective
Synonyms: Coeval, in sync and Parallel

Book: National Geographic
Word: Collegial
Sentence: —a collegial nod to Coomes, who worked closely with Asner on his work in Sabah.
Definition: collegiate
Part Of Speech: Adjective
Synonyms: Concerted, United and Team

Book: National Geographic
Word: Undoubtedly
Sentence: The day’s presentation was met with enthusiastic applause from the audience, who will undoubtedly be awaiting further results at next year’s conference or sooner.
Definition: not called in question; accepted as beyond doubt; undisputed
Part Of Speech: Adjective
Synonyms: Truly, Really and Surely

Book: National Geographic
Word: Coincides
Sentence: The term “supermoon” is popularly defined as a full moon that coincides with the lunar orb’s closest approach to Earth, or perigee.
Definition: to occupy the same place in space, the same point or period in time,or the same relative position
Part Of Speech: Verb
Synonyms: Jibe, Concur and Correspond

Book: National Geographic
Word: Celestial
Sentence: Enjoy the sky show while it lasts, because the full moon won’t get this close to us again until November 25, 2034. And the absolute closest full moon to Earth this century will occur on December 6, 2052, when our celestial neighbor will be just 221,472 miles away.
Definition: pertaining to the spiritual or invisible heaven; heavenly; divine
Part Of Speech: Adjective
Synonyms: Asral, Sublime and Eternal

Book: National Geographic
Word: Proboscis
Sentence: Indonesia's proboscis monkeys are as at home in the water as they are in the trees—an unusual combination in primates.
Definition: any long flexible snout, as of the tapir
Part Of Speech: Noun 
Synonyms: Beak, Snout and Trunk

Book: National Geographic
Word: Bulbous
Sentence: Proboscis monkeys might be best known for their giant, bulbous noses, but scientists are sniffing out another of these monkey’s unique attributes: their swimming abilities.
Definition: bulb-shaped; bulging
Part Of Speech: Adjective 
Synonyms: Oval, Bent and Curved 

Book: National Geographic 
Word: Vigilante
Sentence: ISurgeon X, a vigilante doctor tries to save lives in a near-future dystopia where millions are dying of simple infections.
Definition: a member of a vigilance committee 
Part Of Speech: Noun 
Synonyms: Escort, Guard and Cop

Sunday, October 30, 2016

IR Vocab Set 4

Book: National Geographic
Word: Venerated 
Sentence: Restorers working in the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Israel uncover stone slab venerated as the resting place of Jesus Christ.
Definition: to regard or treat with reverence; revere
Part Of Speech: Verb
Synonyms: Cherish, Idolize and Exalt

Book: National Geographic
Word: Cladding
Sentence: Located in the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in the Old City of Jerusalem, the tomb has been covered by marble cladding since at least 1555 A.D., and most likely centuries earlier
Definition: the act or process of bonding one metal to another, usually to protect the inner metal from corrosion
Part Of Speech: Noun
Synonyms: Covering, Outer Wall, and Finish

Book: National Geographic
Word: Edicule
Sentence: The Edicule and the interior tomb are currently undergoing restoration by a team of scientists from the National Technical University of Athens, under the direction of Chief Scientific Supervisor Professor Antonia Moropoulou.
Definition: aedicule
Part Of Speech: Noun

Book: National Geographic
Word: Veneration
Sentence: An analysis of the original rock may enable them to better understand not only the original form of the tomb chamber, but also how it evolved as the focal point of veneration since it was first identified by Helena, mother of the Roman emperor Constantine, in A.D. 326.
Definition: the act of venerating
Part Of Speech: Noun
Synonyms: Adoration, Awe and Esteem

Book: National Geographic 
Word: Pragmatic
Sentence: They can teach us that there’s a form of pragmatic exchange and toleration and accommodation, which trumps ideology.
Definition: of or relating to a practical point of view or practical considerations
Part Of Speech: Adjective 
Synonyms: Businesslike, Efficient and Logical 

Book: National Geographic 
Word: Pariah
Sentence: She’s establishing a Protestant state and England has become a pariah in Catholic Europe. So she reaches out for alliances with the Islamic world.
Definition: an outcast
Part Of Speech: Noun
Synonyms: Leper, Outsider and Bum

Book: National Geographic
Word: Parochial
Sentence: In the last few years, there’s been a parochial identification of the Tudors, reflected in the way they have featured in recent TV shows, like The Tudors.
Definition: of or relating to parochial schools or the education they provide
Part Of Speech: Adjective 
Synonyms: Petty, Insular and Sectarian 

Book: National Geographic
Word: Shrewdly
Sentence: What she does very shrewdly, when she starts to write to the Sultan in 1579, is say:
Definition: astute or sharp in practical matters
Part Of Speech: Adjective 
Synonyms:Ably, Artfully and Cooly 

Book: National Geographic 
Word: Idolatry
Sentence: We do not believe in idolatry or that you should have intercession, i.e., a saint or a priest will get you closer to God. 
Definition: the religious worship of idols
Part Of Speech: Noun 
Synonyms: Worship, Adoration and Idolism 

Book: National Geographic 
Word: Prophet
Sentence: Islam believes Jesus is a prophet, but not the son of God.
Definition: a person who speaks for God or a deity, or by divine inspiration
Part Of Speech: Noun 
Synonyms: Seer, Witch and Prognosticator  

Thursday, October 27, 2016

Progress Reflection

Reading:

     I did pretty good on my reading this quarter, I finished two books (one isn't on my reading log yet) and am starting a third. One reason I think I did well is I completed most all of my weekly goals and got into my book. This shows I did good because I was busy and didn't have much time to read but I still accomplished my goals, which I didn't do last year. Another piece of evidence to show how well I did is even though my reading goal has stayed the same, I have been going over my goal by a lot so I am going to start making it bigger. At first my goal was one hundred pages and now it’s 60 but I'm reading about seventy or eighty pages a week. In all, I think I did way better this quarter than last quarter for reading.

Writing:

     The writing piece I am most proud of this quarter is my YWP 10/3, I think it shows a ton of growth. For example, I used a ton of detail in this writing when last year I wasn't very descriptive. One place I was descriptive is “Then we stopped, I opened the door and got out, the air smelled like rotten eggs and smelly socks.” when last year I would have just said “The air smelled terrible”. Another way this piece showed growth is I used a lot better grammar, for example I used more commas to make my writing more like poetry. One last way this writing piece shows my improvement is after the class was over I continued writing on it which I wouldn't have done last year or the beginning of the year this year. In conclusion, I did improve a lot from last year to this year in my writing.

My WYP:
Me and my family were going on a road trip to a town called Hickory. I didn't know much about Hickory, my parents just said it was a very old and rundown, I wasn't to happy to be going there. We were a few minutes away when dad said “Oh nooo!!” I looked out the window, all I at saw was old debris that used to be houses, nothing at all except a old wood cabin in the middle of the town. I said “Dad what the heck is the place!”. I just couldn't imagine what happened to this place, it was destroyed. “I don't know Herbert.” Said dad. Then we stopped, I opened the door and got out, the air smelled like rotten eggs and smelly socks. “Eww” I said. I walked over to the only standing cabin and peaked in a window, there was nothing in it, nothing at all. I called my parents over to the cabin, they looked in and didn't seem surprised like me, I wondered why? Maybe they knew it was going to be like this, no they couldn't have dad was surprised when we drove into town. Then I heard rumble coming from the sky and it started to pour. Lightning struck the car and then it caught fire, we were now stuck here, alone.

Work Habits:

     So far this year I have had pretty good work habits, even without being able to bring the Ipad's home. For example my drive has no stray documents and everything is in its proper class folder. This shows that I have had good work habits because everything is organized and easy to find, when last year it wasn't. Another thing that shows I have good work habit is I have no overdue work right now. This shows that I have been focused on my school work and completing it on time which is a good work habit. Lastly my grades show that I have good work habits because all my cores are above a ninety except for LA which is a eightynine. This also shows that I submit my work on time and have good work habits. In all, I feel like I improved a lot from last year with my work habits.

Friday, October 7, 2016

IR Vocab Set 3

Book: National Geographic 
Word: Regressive Sentence: Hagfish, penguins, and aphids are just some of the creatures that have been shaped by what’s known as regressive evolution.Definition:  relating to, or effectingPart of Speech: adjective Synonym: back, rearward and about


Book: National Geographic

Word: Elliptical Sentence: “I was super excited to see that the eyes themselves were comprised of hundreds and hundreds of these small kind of ball- or elliptical-shaped structures … micron-size meatballs and sausages,” says Gabbott. Definition: pertaining to or marked by grammatical ellipsisPart of Speech: adjective 
Synonym: egg-shaped, oblong and ovoid

Book: National geographic
Word: Retinal 
Sentence: The remarkably well-preserved retinal tissue in the ancient hagfish suggests a "reverse course" in hagfish vision, a phenomenon known as regressive evolution. 
Definition: of or relating to the retina 
Part of Speech: adjective

Book: National geographic
Word: Demise
Sentence: Penguin ancestors were able to fly, but they lost that ability quickly after the demise of the large dinosaurs.
Definition: death or decease
Part of Speech: noun 
Synonym: collapse, passing and failure 

Book: National geographic
Word: Outcry
Sentence: The death of a rare killer whale in the Pacific Northwest has been linked to a tagging effort, causing an outcry and re-evaluation by the science community.
Definition: a strong and usually public expression of protest, indignation, or the like
Part of Speech: noun
Synonym: cry, howl and protest

Book: National geographic
Word: Transient 
Sentence:  Unlike more transient orcas, the three pods of southern resident killer whales that make their summer homes in Washington State's Puget Sound and Canada's Strait of Georgia don't eat seals or other marine mammals; their diet consists primarily of salmon, populations of which have been dwindling.
Definition: not lasting, enduring, or permanent; transitory
Part of Speech: adjective
Synonym: fleeting, short-term and transitory 

Book: National geographic
Word: Necropsy
Sentence: A necropsy by British Columbia pathologist Stephen Raverty showed that fungi that may have originated in the surface film of the water, or perhaps on L95's skin, appeared to have gotten into the animal's blood vessels, eventually making it to the lungs. Concentrations of the fungi were largest near the entry point of the dart, where pieces had broken off in the fin. "That was our biggest clue," Raverty said.
Definition: the examination of a body after death; autopsy
Part of Speech: noun 
Synonym: postmortem 

Book: National geographic
Word: Barbaric
Sentence: That angered whale-protection activists who called the tagging program barbaric and defective, suggesting scientists should turn to underwater acoustic monitoring—which is used in Canada to track orcas—or some other method.
Definition: without civilizing influences; uncivilized; primitive
Part of Speech: adjective
Synonym: brutal, cruel and inhuman  





Friday, September 23, 2016

IR Vocab Set 2

Book: National Geographic
Word: Fathom
Sentence:The animated map above, made by NASA’s Scientific Visualization Studio, highlights the river’s huge watershed and every river in it, conveying a magnitude that can be hard to fathom.
Definition: to penetrate to the truth of; comprehend; understand
Part Of Speech: verb
Synonyms: pinpoint, figure out and grasp

Book: National Geographic

Word: Streamflow
Sentence:Using the streamflow data, NASA’s Horace Mitchell traced the path of all the water that runs into the Gulf via the Mississippi.
Definition: the water that flows in a specific stream site, especially its volume and rate of flow
Part Of Speech: noun

Book: National Geographic
Word: Alluded
Sentence: A double meaning, since both FDR and Nixon alluded to their pets to avoid hounding from political opponents.
Definition: to contain a casual or indirect reference 
Part Of Speech: verb
Synonyms: point, suggest and refer 

Book: National Geographic

Word: Ambitious
Sentence: The "Checkers Speech" was Nixon’s attempt to save his political life. Though now he’s most remembered as a one-and-a-half-term president, in 1952 Nixon was a rising star in Republican politics—an ambitious Californian who had been tapped to join Dwight D. Eisenhower’s presidential ticket after only three years in the U.S. Senate. Shortly after joining Eisenhower, though, Nixon was accused of misusing money from a fund that supporters had set up to pay his political expenses a few years earlier.
Definition: strongly desirous; eager
Part Of Speech: adverb
Synonym: energetic, aggressive and determined 

Book: National Geographic 

Word: Myrmecologist
Sentence: The diablito, a kind of bright orange poison frog, is known for its love of ants, says Christian Rabeling, a myrmecologist at the University of Rochester, New York.
Definition: the branch of entomology dealing with ants
Part Of Speech: noun

Book: National Geographic 
Word: Stereomicroscope
Sentence: A glimpse through a high-powered stereomicroscope at that ill-fated ant, however, has offered a few clues.
Definition: stereoscopic microscope
Part Of Speech: noun

Book: National Geographic
Word: Alkaloids
Sentence: Poison frogs get their namesake chemical defenses from alkaloids found in the ants and other critters they consume, says Jonathan Kolby, a National Geographic grantee and director of the Honduras Amphibian Rescue and Conservation Center.
Definition: any of a large class of organic, nitrogen-containing ring compounds of vegetable origin and sometimes synthesized, some of which are liquid but most of which are solid, that have a bitter taste, that are usually water-insoluble and alcohol-soluble, that combine with acids without the loss of a water molecule to form water-soluble hydrochlorides,hydro bromides, or the like, and that usually exhibit pharmacological action , as nicotine, morphine, or quinine 
Part Of Speech: noun

Book: National Geographic 
Word: Flourish
Sentence: Bunch tends to pepper his statements with the flourish: “I’m not that smart.” Don’t be fooled. Listen carefully, and it becomes apparent that Bunch is actually a cunning strategist who demonstrates quite a bit of political acumen.
Definition: to be in a vigorous state; thrive
Part Of Speech: verb
Synonym: twist, spiral and plume