Friday, October 7, 2016

IR Vocab Set 3

Book: National Geographic 
Word: Regressive Sentence: Hagfish, penguins, and aphids are just some of the creatures that have been shaped by what’s known as regressive evolution.Definition:  relating to, or effectingPart of Speech: adjective Synonym: back, rearward and about


Book: National Geographic

Word: Elliptical Sentence: “I was super excited to see that the eyes themselves were comprised of hundreds and hundreds of these small kind of ball- or elliptical-shaped structures … micron-size meatballs and sausages,” says Gabbott. Definition: pertaining to or marked by grammatical ellipsisPart of Speech: adjective 
Synonym: egg-shaped, oblong and ovoid

Book: National geographic
Word: Retinal 
Sentence: The remarkably well-preserved retinal tissue in the ancient hagfish suggests a "reverse course" in hagfish vision, a phenomenon known as regressive evolution. 
Definition: of or relating to the retina 
Part of Speech: adjective

Book: National geographic
Word: Demise
Sentence: Penguin ancestors were able to fly, but they lost that ability quickly after the demise of the large dinosaurs.
Definition: death or decease
Part of Speech: noun 
Synonym: collapse, passing and failure 

Book: National geographic
Word: Outcry
Sentence: The death of a rare killer whale in the Pacific Northwest has been linked to a tagging effort, causing an outcry and re-evaluation by the science community.
Definition: a strong and usually public expression of protest, indignation, or the like
Part of Speech: noun
Synonym: cry, howl and protest

Book: National geographic
Word: Transient 
Sentence:  Unlike more transient orcas, the three pods of southern resident killer whales that make their summer homes in Washington State's Puget Sound and Canada's Strait of Georgia don't eat seals or other marine mammals; their diet consists primarily of salmon, populations of which have been dwindling.
Definition: not lasting, enduring, or permanent; transitory
Part of Speech: adjective
Synonym: fleeting, short-term and transitory 

Book: National geographic
Word: Necropsy
Sentence: A necropsy by British Columbia pathologist Stephen Raverty showed that fungi that may have originated in the surface film of the water, or perhaps on L95's skin, appeared to have gotten into the animal's blood vessels, eventually making it to the lungs. Concentrations of the fungi were largest near the entry point of the dart, where pieces had broken off in the fin. "That was our biggest clue," Raverty said.
Definition: the examination of a body after death; autopsy
Part of Speech: noun 
Synonym: postmortem 

Book: National geographic
Word: Barbaric
Sentence: That angered whale-protection activists who called the tagging program barbaric and defective, suggesting scientists should turn to underwater acoustic monitoring—which is used in Canada to track orcas—or some other method.
Definition: without civilizing influences; uncivilized; primitive
Part of Speech: adjective
Synonym: brutal, cruel and inhuman  





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