Thursday, February 9, 2017

IR Vocab Set 9

Book: National Geographic 
Word: Seawall
Sentence: Children play on a rusty shipwreck in Betio on South Tarawa, Kiribati. The ship was lifted by king tides and crashed into a seawall in February 2015
Definition: a strong wall or embankment to prevent the encroachments of thesea, serve as a breakwater
Part Of Speech: Noun

Book: National Geographic
Word: Islets
Sentence: 
Other islets are used for raising hogs, planting crops, or harvesting timber. But this orderly way of life is being disrupted by rising seas.

Definition: a very small island
Part Of Speech: Noun

Book: National Geographic 
Word: Atolls
Sentence: Most of these islands are coral atolls, or ring-shaped reef islands that lie only a few meters above sea level. 
Definition: a ring-shaped coral reef or a string of closely spaced small coral islands, enclosing or nearly enclosing a shallow lagoon
Part Of Speech: Noun

Book: National Geographic 
Word: Infiltrate
Sentence: When the water rises around these islands, it can disturb graveyards, infiltrate drinking water wells, and kill staple food crops like breadfruit trees or taro.
Definition: to cause to pass in by filtering
Part Of Speech: Verb

Book: National Geographic 
Word: Resilient
Sentence: “The most resilient people that I’ve ever met traveling around the world live in the Pacific.
Definition: springing back; rebounding
Part Of Speech: Adjective

Book: National Geographic 
Word: Preemptively
Sentence: In Tokelau, a small Polynesian community north of Samoa, communities are preemptively adapting to climate change.
Definition: taken as a measure against something possible, anticipated, orfeared; preventive; deterrent
Part Of Speech: Adjective 

Book: National Geographic 
Word: Undisclosed
Sentence: The BLM refused the proposal for undisclosed reasons, though its suggestions would have saved the agency an estimated two million dollars over the next decade.
Definition: to make known; reveal or uncover
Part Of Speech: Verb

Book: National Geographic 
Word: Sterilization
Sentence: But rather than using culling, permanent sterilization, or roundups to diminish population sizes when animals became too numerous, Kirkpatrick encouraged fertility control.
Definition: the destruction of all living microorganisms, as pathogenic or saprophytic bacteria, vegetative forms, and spores
Part Of Speech: Noun

Book: National Geographic 
Word: Zona pellucida
Sentence: Zona pellucida is a membrane surrounding all mammalian eggs. 
Definition: the transparent, noncellular layer surrounding the ovum of mammals,often having radial striations
Part Of Speech: Noun

Book: National Geographic 
Word: Antibodies
Sentence: These antibodies attach to the sperm receptor of the target female and block fertilization.
Definition: any of numerous Y -shaped protein molecules produced by B cells asa primary immune defense, each molecule and its clones having unique binding site that can combine with the complementary site of a foreign antigenas on a virus or bacterium, thereby disabling the antigen and signaling other immune defenses
Part Of Speech: Noun

Book: National Geographic 
Word: Erodible
Sentence: “The ecosystem is very fragile. The soil is very erodible.
Definition: to eat into or away; destroy by slow consumption or disintegration
Part Of Speech: Verb

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